ESA Information

Mandatory Reconsideration

Since 28th October 2013, anyone wishing to appeal their ESA decision has to request a reconsideration first. Previously, this automatically occured without request for all who requested an appeal. Now, an ESA claimant has to request a reconsideration first and separately to a request for appeal.

A request for reconsideration has to be sent to the DWP. During the unspecified time whilst waiting for the reconsideration to occur, no ESA is paid. Claimants are advised to claim JSA, although both the claimant and a Jobcentre adviser may feel this is inappropriate for health reasons. If reconsideration is unfavourable to the claimant, then claimants must subsequently request an appeal by contacting the Tribunals service.

More information is available on the Benefits and Work website.

Information about ESA for claimants:

Information for healthcare professionals and GPs

  • DWP Health and Work – Employment and Support Allowance
  • Employment and Support Allowance – health care professional update, March 2009, PDF
  • GP leaflet – “Doctor, Doctor What’s Employment and Support Allowance?,” PDF

Information for Decision Makers

  • Decision Makers’ Guide, PDF

Information for Providers

Consultations

Research by the DWP

ESA assessment statistics (include IB reassessment statistics from April 2013)

  • October 2013      PDF        Table
  • July 2013             PDF        Table
  • April 2013            PDF        Table
  • January 2013      PDF        Table
  • October 2012     PDF        Table
  • July 2012              PDF        Table
  • April 2012            PDF        Table
  • January 2012      PDF        Table
  • October 2011     PDF        Table
  • July 2011              PDF        Table
  • April 2011            PDF
  • January 2011      PDF
  • October 2010     PDF
  • July 2010              PDF
  • August 2010       PDF
  • April 2010            PDF
  • January 2010      PDF
  • October 2009     PDF

IB reassessment statistics (combined with ESA assessment statistics from April 2013)

  • January 2013      PDF
  • November 2012 PDF
  • March 2012         PDF
  • Interim results of IB reassessment trial, April 2011 PDF
  • WCA for IB reassessment, February 2011, PDF

Ad-hoc statistics

  • WCA outcomes made on paper evidence, November 2012, PDF
  • WCA outcomes by physical and mental health condition, November 2012, PDF, Table
  • IB outcomes by duration of claim, November 2012, PDF
  • Main health condition reported immediately before claim, November 2012, PDF
  • Atos recommendations and post-appeal outcomes, September 2012, PDF
  • What happens to ESA leavers, September 2012, PDF
  • Appeal Outcomes, September 2012, PDF, Table
  • ESA claimants with visual impairments, September 2012, PDF
  • WCA outcomes by medical condition post-appeal, September 2012, PDF, Tables
  • Time spent in assessment phase, September 2012, PDF, Tables
  • IB and DLA claimants with main condition as alcohol or drug abuse, July 2012, PDF, Tables
  • IB claims by medical condition and duration, July 2012, PDF, Tables
  • IB deaths of recipients, July 2012, PDF
  • Outcomes of IB reassessments by duration of claim, May 2012, PDF
  • Outcomes of IB reassessment by region or Local Authority, April 2012, PDF, Table
  • Annual spend on Access to Work by region, March 2012, PDF, Table
  • IB claims by medical condition and duration, January 2012, PDF, Table
  • Expenditure on Flexible New Deal, January 2012, PDF
  • Individuals participating in Future Jobs Fund, January 2012, PDF
  • Individuals receiving a training allowance, January 2012, PDF
  • IB and DLA claimants with main condition as alcohol or drug abuse, January 2012, PDF, Table
  • Voluntary and Community Sector Organisation in Work Programme, December 2011, PDF
  • Access to Work regional performance, December 2011, PDF, Table
  • Remploy performance, December 2011, PDF, Tables
  • Time spent in assessment phase, November 2011, PDF
  • Disability Employment Programme performance, November 2011, PDF, Table
  • Early analysis of Work Experience participant outcomes, November 2011, PDF
  • Employment rates and qualifications by sensory impairment, October 2011, PDF, Table
  • Degree-level qualification or not by sensory impairment, October 2011, Table
  • WCA outcomes by medical condition post-appeal, September 2011, PDF, Table
  • IB claims by medical condition and duration, August 2011, PDF, Table
  • IB claims by medical condition, type of payment and phase of claim, July 2011, PDF, Table
  • IB and DLA claimants with main condition as alcohol or drug abuse, July 2011, PDF, Table
  • Remploy Performance, May 2011, PDF, Table
  • IB claims by medical condition and duration, April 2011 PDF, Table
  • Duration of ESA, IB and Severe Disablement Allowance claims, February 2011, PDF
  • Average time to employment for Pathways to Work, January 2011, PDF
  • Recent ESA claimants with previous claim history, December 2010, PDF
  • Durations spent on out-of-work benefits, December 2010, PDF
  • IB and DLA claimants with main condition as alcohol or drug abuse, December 2010, PDF
  • IB face-to-face assessments, December 2010, PDF
  • Key figures for WORKSTEP programme, November 2010, PDF, Tables (PDF)

 ESA sanctions

Post-December 2012 the sanction scheme is as follows:

  • The sanction has two parts: an open ended period, which will be lifted when the claimant re-engages with requirements, followed by a short fixed period;
  • The sanctionable amount will increase to 100% of the prescribed amount for a single claimant; and
  • A hardship regime for ESA claimants will be introduced

Under the pre-December 2012 regime, ESA claimants in the Work Related Activity Group (WRAG) who fail to meet requirements are subject to an open ended sanction which is lifted when they re-comply. The sanction amount is 50% of the work related activity component which rises to 100% of the component after four weeks

Statistics:

  • August 2012        PDF
  • May 2012             PDF
  • February 2012   PDF
  • November 2012 PDF
  • August 2011       PDF
  • May 2011             PDF

 ESA regulations

  • 2013 ESA regulations PDF
    • Schedule 1: Her Majesty’s Forces
    • Schedule 2: Assessment of Limited Capability for Work
    • Schedule 3: Assessment of Limited Capability for work-related Activity
    • Explanatory Memorandum (includes Universal Credit and JSA) PDF
    • 2012 ESA (Amendment) Regulations PDF
      • Briefing by Sam Barnett-Cormack, BSc MSc PDF
      • These regulations require the assessment to
        • assume the use of aids and adaptations that may not be used;
        • split ability into whether it is caused by a physical illness or treatment for such an illness, and a mental illness or treatment for such an illness, e.g. cognitive side-effects of medication taken for a physical illness are not considered
        • 2012 Changes to contribution-based ESA
          • Information, PDF
          • Questions and Answers, PDF
          • Time-limiting of contribution-based ESA to one-year
            • Changes – information for claimants
            • Changes – information for advisers and intermediaries
            • Changes – letter to providers
            • Changes – letter to claimants
            • Q&A about this change
  • Removal of special contribution conditions for people aged between 16 and 24
  • Removal of 104 week linking, whereby claimants who started work or training within one month of leaving ESA could return to their ESA claim at any time within 104 weeks of first leaving.
  • Time-limiting Impact Assessment PDF
  • Youth Provisions Impact Assessment PDF
  • 2008 Employment and Support Allowance regulations PDF

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